Online Archives
Collection of archived documents commissioned by the Library of Congress to preserve digital materials covering the events of September 11, 2001.  This collection contains more than 5 terabytes of data gathered from 9/11/2001 to the present.
Screenshots of online news sites.
Archive of television news broadcasts from around the world in the period following the attacks of September 11th.
C-Span video archive of America's response to the September 11th attacks and their aftermath.
An archive of newspaper front pages following the September 11th attacks.
A collection of facts, news, websites, multilingual & international discussion forums, and more related to the tragedy of 11th September, 2001.
A compilation of links to audio/video services that monitor current events. It focuses on news/public affairs services that are available in English. The site is hosted by George Washington University.
September 11th resources compiled by Academic Info., a non-profit organization.
John's Hopkins Univeristy Center for Strategic Education's "September 11 and the Aftermath" information archive compiled by Senior Fellow William Arkin.


Online Resources
AIGA Design Forum > Design Responds to Disaster. A section including articles, artwork and commentary about September 11th and its aftermath. index of maps and interactive resources from September 11th onward.
September 11th journalist's resources, focusing on analysis of coverage.
A special report by The Onion on the media's coverage of the September 11th Attack on America.
Color, Contrast & Dimension in News Design, designed and produced by Anne Conneen and published by
NewsLab’s Annotated Bibliography of Television News Research.
The Media Watch section of Jim Lehrer's News Hour program.
"9.11: The Net Becomes a Lifeline," A Collection of Articles published in the November 2001 issue of Yahoo! Internet Life magazine.
A listing of articles published by the Economist about the September 11th Attacks on America and their aftermath.
A resource for trying to understand the role of media in covering the September 11th attacks and their aftermath.
Time Magazine photo essay "Shattered." A collection of photographs by photojournalist James Nachtwey of Manhattan after the September 11th attacks.
The MIT Media Lab's Information: Organized Manifesto, 15 May 2001.
Walter Bender's web page. (Walter Bender is head of the MIT Media Lab.) Especially interesting at this site are the sections, "Jack Driscoll's seven criteria for news" and Walter Bender's "seven news services for community."


Web Sites
Published by the Comparative Media Studies Department at MIT. Launched on September 17th, 2001. It is, in their words, "an on-line resource and study guide, designed to spark discussions and reflections about the media's role in covering the events of 11 September 2001 and their aftermath."
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Website companion to the Frontline program "Hunting Bin Laden."
On The Media radio show web site.
Online journalism resources from - News about TV News
A non-profit educational organization devoted to media research and the production of resources to aid educators and others in fostering analytical media literacy.
Online news and information source. The convergence of news media on the web.
Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, a national media watch group that has been offering criticism of media bias and censorship since 1986.
Independent media center of Philladelphia, PA, offering alternative news and analysis.
The Village Voice online.
Author and scholar Lev Manovich's web site devoted to new media research

Online Journals
The International Journal on Media Management. It is published by the Institute for Media and Communications Management of the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland and is dedicated to investigating the development and management of new media and innovations in worldwide communications.
Convergence, an on-line journal of research into new media technologies. It focuses on addressing the creative, social, political and pedagogical issues raised by the advent of new media technologies.


Articles & Excerpts

Barker, Martin and Petley, Julian, eds. "Introduction: From bad research to good — a guide for the perplexed," Ill Effects: The Media Violence Debate (New York: Routledge, 2001).

Bazin, Andre. "The Myth of Total Cinema" and "The Ontology of the Photographic Image," What Is Cinema? (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967).

Bolter, Jay David and Grusin, Richard. "Introduction: The Double Logic of Remediation," Remediation (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998).

Bourdieu, Pierre. "The Aristocracy of Culture," Distinction (Cambridge: Harvard University Press 1984), pp. 11-96.

Buckingham, David. "Popularity, Postmodernity and the Public Sphere" and "Creating Citizens: News, Pedagogy and Empowerment," The Making of Citizens: Young People, News and Politics (London: Routledge, 2000)

Carey, James W. "A Cultural Approach to Communication," Communication as Culture: Essays on Media and Society (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1998), pp.13-36.

Carter, Bill and Rutenberg, Jim. "Viewers Again Return To Traditional Networks," The New York Times, 15 September 2001, p.A14.

Elliott, Stuart. "Trying to Dispel the Notion that Ads and Bad News Don't Mix," The New York Times, 26 October 2001. [Accessed online at].

Fisher, Marc. "Meeting the Challenge: Under wrenching circumstances, the American news media covered the horrific events of September 11 impressively and vailantly." American Journalism Review, October 2001. [Accessed online at].

Fiske, John . "Prologue: "The Juice is Loose," and "Introduction," Media Matters: Everyday Culture and Political Change (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994), pp. xiii-19.

Garcia, Mario. "What Color Means in the Daily Press." [Accessed online at].

Gauntlett, David. "The Worrying Influence of 'Media Effects' Studies," in Barker, Martin and Petley, Julian, eds. Ill Effects: The Media Violence Debate (New York: Routledge, 2001), pp.47-61.

Geertz, Clifford. "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture," The Interpretation of Cultures (New York: Basic Books, 1973), pp. 3-30.

Gilbert, Matthew, "Eyesore," The Boston Globe Magazine, 2 December 2001, p. 9.

Glasner, Joanna. "Net Slows in Wake of Attacks," Wired, 11 September 2001. [Accessed online at,1367,46706,00.html].

Habermas, Jurgen. "The Public Sphere," in Mukerji, Chandra and Schudson, Michael eds., Rethinking Popular Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991), pp. 398-404

Harper, Christopher. "Journalism in a Digital Age," 17 May 1998. Lecture transcript from the Democracy and Digital Media Conference held at MIT on 8-9 May 1998. [Accessed online at].

Hawley, Noah. "Brand Defined," Business 2.0, June 2000. [Accessed online at,1640,13726,FF.html].

Heller, Steve and Pettit, Elinor. "Chris Pullman on Design for Television," Design Dialogues (New York: Allworth Press, 1998), pp.50-57

Herrmann, Stefan. "Do we learn to ‘read’ television like a kind of ‘language’?" May 2000. [Accessed online at].

Huesca, Robert and Dervin, Brenda. "Hypertext and Journalism: Audiences Respond to Competing News Narratives," 31 October 1999. Paper presented at the Media in Transition Conference at MIT on 9 October, 1999. [Accessed online at].

Hume, Ellen. "Resource Journalism: A Model for New Media,"17 May 1998. Lecture transcript from the Democracy and Digital Media Conference held at MIT on 8-9 May 1998. [Accessed online at].

King, Brad. "Tech Sites Pick Up the News," Wired, 11 September 2001. [Accessed online at,1294,46716,00.html].

Kramer, Staci D. "Accessibility in Times of Crisis : How news sites have managed their information after 9/11," Online Journalism Review, 25 October 2001. [Accessed online at].

Kramer, Staci D. "DIY News: News Web sites offer tools for assembling free-ranging newscasts," Online Journalism Review, 7 November 2001 [Accessed online at].

Manovich, Lev. “Database As A Symbolic Form,” 1998. [Accessed online at within the “Articles” section].

Mariano, Gwendolyn, CNET "NBC Loosens Hold on Local TV Sites," The New York Times, 29 October 2001. [Accessed online at].

Mayfield, Kendra. "Chronicling Attacks on the Web," Wired, 4 October 2001. [Accessed online at,2100,47184,00.html].

Mayfield, Kendra. "News That's Fit to Download," Wired, 1 November 2001. [Accessed online at,1294,48051,00.html].

Mayfield, Kendra. "Wayback Goes Way Back on Web," Wired, 29 October 2001. [Accessed online at,1284,47894,00.html].

McCracken, Grant. "Meaning, Manufacture and Movement in the World of Goods," Culture and Consumption (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990).

McCullagh, Declan. "Osama Has a New Friend," Wired, 10 October 2001. [Accessed online at,2100,47450,00.html].

McLaughlin, Thomas. "Theory Outside the Academy," Street Smarts and Critical Theory (Madison: UW, 1996).

McLuhan, Eric and Zingrone, Frank eds. "Playboy Interview" The Essential McLuhan (New York: Harpercollins, 1996).

Mears, Jennifer. "Content delivery networks carry the heavy load: News sites credit Akamai, others with keeping sites available after Sept. 11 tragedy," Network World, 24 September 2001. [Accessed online at].

Menand, Louis. "Culture Club: The short, happy life of the American highbrow," The New Yorker, 15 October 2001, pp.202-210.

Potter, Deborah. "Cluttering the View: Commentary on TV News Graphics," NewsLab (article originally published in the American Journalism Review, June 2001). [Accessed online at].

Potter, Deborah. "More Choices? Not Really," NewsLab (commentary originally broadcast by On the Media, 12 December 1998). [Accessed online at].

Potter, Deborah and Lang, Annie. "The Seven Habits of Highly Effective Storytellers," NewsLab (article originally published by RTNDA Communicator magazine, October 1999). [Accessed online at].

Pryor, Larry. "The Emperor Has Beautiful Clothes," Online Journalism Review, 5 November 1998. [Accessed online at].

Rainie, Lee. "The Commons of Tragedy: How the Internet was used by millions after the terror attacks to grieve, consol, share news, and debate the country's response ," A Pew Internet & American Life Project, 10 October 2001.

Rainie, Lee. "How Americans Used the Internet After the Terror Attack," A Pew Internet & American Life Project, 15 September 2001.

Rorick, George. "Visualizing Terrorism: A Graphic Case Study," (article originally published in the Poynter Report, Fall 2000). [Accessed online at].

Rosaldo, Renato. "The Erosion of Classic Norms," Culture and Truth: The Remaking of Social Analysis (Boston: Beacon Press, 1989), pp.25-67.

Rutenberg, Jim. "At MSNBC, a Young Anchor for Younger Viewers," The New York Times, 29 October 2001. [Accessed online at].

Saul, Anne. "Newspapers' Brand Strength Gives Online Information Credibility," Gannett, July 1999. [Accessed online at].

Shedroff, Nathan. "Taxonomy of Communications" [Accessed online at].

Shepard, Stephen B. "Editor's Memo: The Best Global Brands," Business Week Online, 6 August 2001. [Accessed online at$se].

Thorburn, David. "Television as an Aesthetic Medium," Critical Studies in Mass Communication, June 1987, pp. 161-173.

Yang, Catherine. "Media Ownership: Why Bigger Is A Big Mistake," Business Week Online, 1 October 2001. [Accessed online at:$se].

"Explosive Matchbox," The Economist, 11 October 2001. [Accessed online at].

"Inundated strips graphics, boosts bandwidth,", 11 September 2001. [Accessed online at].

"Media Mind Their Ad Revenues," The Economist, 29 October 2001. [Accessed online at].

"The Network's Not Working: Short of a war, what can revive the fortunes of CNN?" The Economist, 2 August 2001. [Accessed online at].

"Screen Test: Will media groups be buoyed or damaged by covering a war?" The Economist, 27 September 2001. [Accessed online at].

"Using Graphics in Continuing Coverage," NewsLab, October 2001. [Accessed online at].


Bagdikian, Ben H. The Media Monopoly (Boston: Beacon Press, 2000).

Barry, Ann Marie Seward. Visual Intelligence: Perception, Image, and Manipulation in Visual Communication (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997).

Bonnici, Peter and Proud, Linda. Designing with Photographs (Switzerland: RotoVision SA, 1998).

Bourdieu, Pierre. On Television (New York: The New Press, 1996).

Chomsky, Noam. 9-11 (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2001).

Chomsky, Noam and Herman, Edward S. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media (New York: Pantheon Books, 1988).

Dondis, Donis A. A Primer of Visual Literacy (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1973).

Gardner, Howard. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century (New York: Basic Books, 1999).

Hartley, John. Tele-ology: Studies in Television (New York: Routledge, 1992).

Hartley, John. Understanding News (New York: Routledge, 1982).

Helfand, Jessica. Screen: Essays on Graphic Design, New Media and Visual Culture (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2001).

Heller, Steven. Design Literacy (Continued): Understanding Graphic Design (New York: Allworth Press, 1999).

Lavin, Maud. Clean New World: Culture, Politics, and Graphic Design (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001).

Leslie, Jeremy and Blackwell, Lewis. Issues: New Magazine Design (Corte Madera, CA: Ginko Press, Inc., 2000).

Levy, Pierre. Collective Intelligence: Mankind's Emerging World in Cyberspace (Cambridge: Perseus Books, 1997).

McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 1993).
A great example of an author explaining a medium, in this case comics, by using the medium to illustrate the subject matter.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extension of Man (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999).

Philo, Greg. Seeing & Believing: The Influence of Television (New York: Routledge, 1990).

Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death (New York: Penguin Books USA Inc., 1985).

Sturken, Marita and Cartwright, Lisa. Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).
The book focuses on ways in which images are used and understood by viewers across a variety of medium.

Radio Programs
October 1, 2001– NPR show, the Connection. Program titled "Journalists in the Arab World" focused on how the western world is seen through the Arab media.
October 3, 2001– NPR show, the Connection. Program titled "Battlefield Journalism" focused on how foreign correspondents are trying to report on the situation in Afghanistan after the events of September 11, 2001 "as access to Afghanistan is extremely limited and prospects for openness from the military are slim."
October 23, 2001- NPR show, the Connection. Program titled "Patriotism and the Press."